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TRANSFORM

Targeted research advancing sexual health for men who have sex with men (MSM) in South Africa and Kenya.

This study aimed to map the MSM population and social venues (public and non-public) where men congregate and meet new sexual partners, and to produce new evidence on what HIV services are acceptable and feasable for MSM.

The study recruited participants at each site for formative research on their social organisation, social and sexual networks and HIV prevention needs. It is also conducted Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) surveys at each site. These were used to estimate the prevalence of HIV and common STIs, and to analyse levels and predictors of access to services, as well as the potential acceptability of different HIV prevention intervention models, including PrEP.

The study is intended to strengthen services for MSM in both countries.

TRANSFORM was led by the Wits Reproductive Health Institute (WHRI) in collaboration with Partners in Health and Development (PHDA), Kenya, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), and the University of Oxford.

Evidence brief

The Transform study: Strengthening the design of HIV prevention interventions for men who have sex with men in Kenya and South Africa (2pp). Read...

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  • High HIV and other STI prevalence among transgender, gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nairobi, Kenya. Kimani, et al. TUPEC176. Read...
  • The role of social media in sexual connectivity among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Kenya & South Africa: Potential for innovative online sexual health promotion interventions, Bourne et al. WEPEC170. Read...
  • Exploring alcohol and other drug use among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nairobi, Kenya: Implications for HIV and health promotion interventions. WEPED433. Read...
  • Awareness, understanding and barriers to oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in Nairobi and Johannesburg: A two-site qualitative study. Kabuti et al. WEPEC243. Read...
  • How come you are a refugee, yet in Uganda there is no war?' Social, sexual and psychological wellbeing of East African MSM and transgender (MSM/TG) migrants in Nairobi. Smith et al. WEPED441. Read...
  • The continuum of HIV care and population viral load (PVL) among a representative sample of gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nairobi, Kenya. Smith et al. THPEC209.   Read...
  • A population-based assessment of HIV prevalence and engagement in the HIV care cascade amongst gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in Kenya and South Africa. Fearon et al. THPEC186. Read...
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